New Church History Articles
THE CHURCHES of medieval Europe were essentially anonymous. Abbot and artist, builder and craftsman gave of their talents together for the greater glory of God. The Church was His, and there was room in it for all who aspired to work in His name. The results, in parish church as well as great cathedral, remain the chief glories of our cultural heritage, standing also as measure of our loss. With the decline of faith during the Renaissance and the rise of the modern temper, the great church buildings became monuments to an earlier unity, and men created more and more in their own name rather than in His who is the soul of all created things.
In this perspective the cathedral-church of Bryn Athyn is unusual among modern structures. You will search in vain among its stones and glass for the signatures of men. To build worthily for the worship of the Lord was the aim; and the means, neglected for centuries, was found in the planning and fashioning of the work on the site, in a harmonious sphere like that of the Middle Ages but infused with the vision of a new revelation of His Word. The Bryn Athyn Cathedral speaks for itself and of God; but because it is uniquely beautiful and historical in our day, its erection is worthy of record in word and picture.
Such a record was suggested when the foundations were being laid in 1913, while first departures from modern architectural and building practice were contemplated. Raymond Pitcairn, entrusted with the building of the church, hoped to tell its story. His would have been the fitting hand, having accepted the charge with enthusiasm and carried it through with a rare combination of vision and perseverance. But a life devoted to many pursuits, civic and cultural as well as business, precluded his writing this book. Late in a fruitful career he commissioned the work. Some of its chapters he reviewed in draft; but before it was completed, he died in July 1966.
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|Image ID: ||303|
|Title:||Door of kiln used for firing paint onto glass in the Bryn Athyn glass factory|
|Source:||Raymond and Mildred Pitcairn Archives, Bryn Athyn, PA|
|Medium:||Digital camera image|
|Description:|| The details on a stained glass window (such as faces) were painted directly onto the glass and then fired in a special kiln. Part of the formula for the glass paint was composed of crushed glass, which was ground into a very fine powder with a muller, and then mixed with turpentine. The painted glass was put into a kiln and fired at high temperatures until the paint bonded chemically with the glass: “The old factory building was still standing and from time to time I fired some glass for the windows for Mr. Hyatt in the old Denver kiln [Denver Fire Clay Company “Keramic Pottery Kiln no. 103”]” (Gunther, Ariel C. Opportunity, Challenge and Privilege. Bryn Athyn, 1973, p. 124). The cast iron door to this kiln was discovered in Bryn Athyn in February 2006. Another kiln for firing painted glass was located in the glass studio located in Cairnwood’s garden house.||
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